Sage Otolaryngology

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Synopsis

SAGE Otolaryngology

Episodes

  • OTO: Racial and Insurance Inequalities in Access to Early Pediatric Cochlear Implantation

    OTO: Racial and Insurance Inequalities in Access to Early Pediatric Cochlear Implantation

    10/03/2021 Duration: 26min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the March 2021 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The objective was to evaluate the association between race/ethnicity and insurance status on the access to early cochlear implantation. In conclusion, racial/ethnic and insurance disparities in pediatric cochlear implantation can be observed at the population level. To address these racial and insurance inequalities, a multidisciplinary care team is needed and priorities should be given to research endeavors and policy interventions that target these disparities.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Prioritizing Diversity in Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery: Starting a Conversation

    OTO: Prioritizing Diversity in Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery: Starting a Conversation

    03/02/2021 Duration: 27min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the February 2021 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. Building a diverse otolaryngology workforce—one that mirrors society—is critical. In conclusion, structural inequities are woven into the fabric of society and medicine, and these effects are often invisible to those who do not bear the brunt of them.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities and Survival of Human Papillomavirus–Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    OTO: Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities and Survival of Human Papillomavirus–Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    05/01/2021 Duration: 22min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the January 2021 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The objective was to investigate differences in epidemiology of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) with regards to human papillomavirus (HPV), race, and socioeconomic status (SES) using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). In conclusion, significant differences in HPV status exist between socioeconomic and racial groups, with HPV-negative disease more common among blacks and lower SES. When controlling for HPV status, race and SES still influence outcomes in oropharyngeal cancers.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Auditory Quality-of-Life Measures in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury and Normal Pure Tone Audiometry

    OTO: Auditory Quality-of-Life Measures in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury and Normal Pure Tone Audiometry

    02/12/2020 Duration: 19min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the December 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. Auditory complaints are commonly reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, few studies have examined patient-reported auditory symptomatology and quality-of-life metrics in individuals with TBI. We hypothesize that following TBI, individuals can experience auditory symptoms even with hearing thresholds in the normal range. In conclusion, despite hearing thresholds in the normal range, some individuals with TBI experience decrements in auditory quality of life, even in the absence of TBF.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Utilization of Invasive Procedures for Adult Eustachian Tube Dysfunction

    OTO: Utilization of Invasive Procedures for Adult Eustachian Tube Dysfunction

    03/11/2020 Duration: 27min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the November 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) is a common diagnosis among adults presenting for outpatient care. We sought to determine national utilization and the associated cost of invasive procedures for adult ETD. In conclusion, several nasal and otologic procedures are associated with a diagnosis of adult ETD at substantial cost. Development of therapeutic alternatives should be sought to mitigate the need for invasive procedures to treat this condition.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Adherence to American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Clinical Practice Guidelines: A Systematic Review

    OTO: Adherence to American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Clinical Practice Guidelines: A Systematic Review

    01/10/2020 Duration: 20min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the October 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The objective of this review was to evaluate clinicians’ adherence to these guidelines’ recommendations as measured in the literature. In conclusion, adherence to recommendations in the AAO-HNSF guidelines varies widely. These findings highlight areas for further guideline dissemination, research about guideline adoption, and quality improvement   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Predictors of Pediatric Tracheostomy Outcomes in the United States

    OTO: Predictors of Pediatric Tracheostomy Outcomes in the United States

    01/09/2020 Duration: 17min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the September 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The objective was to investigate the outcomes of pediatric tracheostomy as influenced by demographics and comorbidities. In conclusion, pediatric tracheostomy requires substantial health care resources with length of stay escalating over recent years. Age, race, region, discharge destination, and comorbidities were associated with differences in length of stay.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Effect of HPV Status on Survival of Oropharynx Cancer with Distant Metastasis

    OTO: Effect of HPV Status on Survival of Oropharynx Cancer with Distant Metastasis

    02/08/2020 Duration: 19min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the August 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. Human papillomavirus (HPV)–positive oropharynx squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is known to have improved survival over HPV-negative disease. However, it is largely unknown whether HPV status similarly affects survival in patients presenting with distant metastatic disease. We queried the National Cancer Database for OPSCC with distant metastasis. In conclusion, HPV-positive OPSCC has improved survival in the setting of distant metastatic presentation as compared with HPV-negative disease and shows greater responsiveness to treatment.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Trends in Ambulatory Surgery Center Utilization for Otolaryngologic Procedures among Medicare Beneficiaries, 2010-2017

    OTO: Trends in Ambulatory Surgery Center Utilization for Otolaryngologic Procedures among Medicare Beneficiaries, 2010-2017

    11/07/2020 Duration: 18min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the June 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. Surgical care is increasingly shifting to freestanding ambulatory surgical centers (ASCs). The extent to which otolaryngologists use ASCs has implications for patient safety and health care spending. This study characterizes trends in utilization and resultant financial implications for common otolaryngologic procedures performed at ASC and hospital outpatient departments (HOPDs). In conclusion, otolaryngologists shifted outpatient surgical care from HOPDs to ASCs between 2010 and 2017, with resultant reductions in Medicare expenditures. Further research is necessary to examine the impact of this shift on patient safety.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Special Issue on COVID-19

    OTO: Special Issue on COVID-19

    02/07/2020 Duration: 22min

    This podcast highlights two original research papers published in the July 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The first paper is: "Olfactory Dysfunction: A Highly Prevalent Symptom of COVID-19 With Public Health Significance". The objective of this study was to review the scientific evidence about anosmia in COVID-19. In conclusion, current evidence shows that OD is highly prevalent in COVID-19, with up to 80% of patients reporting subjective OD and objective olfactory testing potentially showing even higher prevalence. OD is frequently accompanied by taste dysfunction. Up to 25% of COVID-19 patients may experience sudden-onset OD as the first symptom. A large proportion of COVID-19 OD cases may resolve over the period of a few weeks. Click here to read the full article. The second paper is: "The Prevalence of Olfactory and Gustatory Dysfunction in COVID-19 Patients: A Systematic Review

  • OTO: Clinical Consensus Statement: Ankyloglossia in Children

    OTO: Clinical Consensus Statement: Ankyloglossia in Children

    01/06/2020 Duration: 25min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the May 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The objective was to identify and seek consensus on issues and controversies related to ankyloglossia and upper lip tie in children by using established methodology for American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery clinical consensus statements. In conclusion, this expert panel reached consensus on several statements that clarify the diagnosis, management, and treatment of ankyloglossia in children 0 to 18 years of age. Lack of consensus on other statements likely reflects knowledge gaps and lack of evidence regarding the diagnosis, management, and treatment of ankyloglossia. Expert panel consensus may provide helpful information for otolaryngologists treating patients with ankyloglossia.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Health Disparities in the Access and Cost of Health Care for Otolaryngologic Conditions

    OTO: Health Disparities in the Access and Cost of Health Care for Otolaryngologic Conditions

    27/04/2020 Duration: 22min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the April 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The objective of this study was to demonstrate whether race, education, income, or insurance status influences where patients seek medical care and the cost of care for a broad range of otolaryngologic diseases in the United States. In this study, significant racial and socioeconomic discrepancies exist in the utilization and cost of health care for otolaryngologic conditions in the United States.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Clinical Practice Guideline: Ménière’s Disease, Part 2

    OTO: Clinical Practice Guideline: Ménière’s Disease, Part 2

    27/04/2020 Duration: 23min

    This podcast discusses the implications for non-otolaryngologists of "Clinical Practice Guideline: Ménière’s Disease", published as a supplement to the April 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The primary purpose of this clinical practice guideline is to improve the quality of the diagnostic workup and treatment outcomes of Ménière’s disease. To achieve this purpose, the goals of this guideline are to use the best available published scientific and/or clinical evidence to enhance diagnostic accuracy and appropriate therapeutic interventions (medical and surgical) while reducing unindicated diagnostic testing and/or imaging.   Click here to read the Guideline.

  • OTO: Clinical Practice Guideline: Ménière’s Disease, Part 1

    OTO: Clinical Practice Guideline: Ménière’s Disease, Part 1

    27/04/2020 Duration: 26min

    This podcast discusses the implications for otolaryngologists of "Clinical Practice Guideline: Ménière’s Disease", published as a supplement to the April 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The primary purpose of this clinical practice guideline is to improve the quality of the diagnostic workup and treatment outcomes of Ménière’s disease. To achieve this purpose, the goals of this guideline are to use the best available published scientific and/or clinical evidence to enhance diagnostic accuracy and appropriate therapeutic interventions (medical and surgical) while reducing unindicated diagnostic testing and/or imaging.   Click here to read the Guideline.

  • OTO: Temporal Trajectory of Body Image Disturbance in Patients with Surgically Treated Head and Neck Cancer

    OTO: Temporal Trajectory of Body Image Disturbance in Patients with Surgically Treated Head and Neck Cancer

    03/03/2020 Duration: 16min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the March 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. The objective of this study was to characterize the temporal trajectory of body image disturbance (BID) in patients with surgically treated head and neck cancer (HNC). In conclusion, in this cohort of patients surgically treated for HNC, BID worsens posttreatment before returning to pretreatment (baseline) levels at 9 months posttreatment. However, 4 in 10 patients will experience a protracted course with persistent posttreatment body image concerns, and half will experience a significant increase in BIS scores relative to pretreatment levels.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Dysphagia Screening for Pneumonia Prevention in a Cancer Hospital: Results of a Quality/Safety Initiative

    OTO: Dysphagia Screening for Pneumonia Prevention in a Cancer Hospital: Results of a Quality/Safety Initiative

    04/02/2020 Duration: 23min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the February 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. Hospital-acquired aspiration pneumonia remains a rare but potentially devastating problem. The best means by which to prevent aspiration in a cancer hospital population has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dysphagia screening on aspiration pneumonia rates in an acute care oncology hospital. In conclusion, nursing-initiated dysphagia screening did not decrease aspiration pneumonia rates. The causes of aspiration-associated pneumonia were heterogeneous. Aspiration of intestinal contents is a more common source of hospital-acquired pneumonia than oropharyngeal dysphagia.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Impact of Neck Disability on Health-Related Quality of Life among Head and Neck Cancer Survivors

    OTO: Impact of Neck Disability on Health-Related Quality of Life among Head and Neck Cancer Survivors

    07/01/2020 Duration: 21min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the January 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. Although neck impairment has been described following surgical resection, limited studies have investigated its prevalence in nonsurgical treatment. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and predictors of neck disability following head and neck cancer (HNC) treatment and to explore its association with quality of life (QOL). In conclusion, this study revealed a high prevalence of neck disability following nonsurgical treatment. While neck disability is an established sequela of surgical resection, the impact of nonsurgical treatment has gone unrecognized. Early identification and intervention to prevent progression of neck disability are crucial to optimize QOL.   Click here to read the full article.

  • OTO: Clinical Practice Guideline: Nosebleed (Epistaxis), Part 2

    OTO: Clinical Practice Guideline: Nosebleed (Epistaxis), Part 2

    07/01/2020 Duration: 16min

    This podcast discusses the implications for non-otolaryngologists of "Clinical Practice Guideline: Nosebleed (Epistaxis)", published as a supplement to the January 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. For the purposes of this guideline, we define the target patient with a nosebleed as a patient with bleeding from the nostril, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx that is sufficient to warrant medical advice or care. This includes bleeding that is severe, persistent, and/or recurrent, as well as bleeding that impacts a patient’s quality of life. Interventions for nosebleeds range from self-treatment and home remedies to more intensive procedural interventions in medical offices, emergency departments, hospitals, and operating rooms. Epistaxis has been estimated to account for 0.5% of all emergency department visits and up to one-third of all otolaryngology-related emergency department encounters. In

  • OTO: Clinical Practice Guideline: Nosebleed (Epistaxis), Part 1

    OTO: Clinical Practice Guideline: Nosebleed (Epistaxis), Part 1

    07/01/2020 Duration: 16min

    This podcast discusses the implications for otolaryngologists of "Clinical Practice Guideline: Nosebleed (Epistaxis)", published as a supplement to the January 2020 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. For the purposes of this guideline, we define the target patient with a nosebleed as a patient with bleeding from the nostril, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx that is sufficient to warrant medical advice or care. This includes bleeding that is severe, persistent, and/or recurrent, as well as bleeding that impacts a patient’s quality of life. Interventions for nosebleeds range from self-treatment and home remedies to more intensive procedural interventions in medical offices, emergency departments, hospitals, and operating rooms. Epistaxis has been estimated to account for 0.5% of all emergency department visits and up to one-third of all otolaryngology-related emergency department encounters. Inpati

  • OTO: Postoperative Opioid Prescribing and Consumption Patterns after Tonsillectomy

    OTO: Postoperative Opioid Prescribing and Consumption Patterns after Tonsillectomy

    09/12/2019 Duration: 15min

    This podcast highlights original research published in the December 2019 issue of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the official journal of the American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Foundation. Despite increased concern with the opioid epidemic, literature remains scant regarding narcotic prescription and use following tonsillectomy. In conclusion, patient-reported narcotic use is significantly lower than the amount prescribed after tonsillectomy for benign disease. Providers can use these data to adjust narcotic-prescribing patterns while maintaining appropriate pain management for patients undergoing tonsillectomy.   Click here to read the full article.

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