John Snow and the Cholera Epidemic of 1854: The History of the Outbreak and Its Impact on Public Health Measures

Plague and pestilence have both fascinated and terrified humanity from the very beginning. Societies and individuals have struggled to make sense of them, and more importantly...

Colonies of British South Africa, The: The History and Legacy of British Imperialism in Modern South Africa and Zimbabwe

The Napoleonic Wars radically altered the old, established European power dynamics, and in 1795, the British, now emerging as the globe’s naval superpower, assumed control of...

Clausewitz and Jomini: The Lives and Legacies of the Modern Era’s Most Influential Military Theorists

Carl Philipp Gottfried von Clausewitz died almost 200 years ago, yet he remains one of the most important and influential of all military thinkers. His teachings combined...

Dagestan: The History and Legacy of Russia’s Most Ethnically Diverse Republic

Wedged in the North Caucasus mountain range and bordering the Caspian Sea, Dagestan is a true meeting point of cultures, religions and geopolitical rivalries. A crossroad between...

Ancient Egyptian Language and Writing: The History and Legacy of Hieroglyphs and Scripts in Ancient Egypt

Perhaps not surprisingly given how advanced they were in comparison to contemporaries, the Egyptians invented one of the first writing systems ever, and for centuries, people...

French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, The: The History and Legacy of France’s Administration of the Levant after World War I

Although the League of Nations was short-lived and clearly failed in its primary mission, it did essentially spawn the United Nations at the end of World War II, and many of the...

Second Italian War of Independence, The: The History and Legacy of the Conflict that Led to Italy’s Unification

The events of 1848-1849 began to pull the peninsula together, however. In January, 1848, Sicily had a major revolution, which provoked widespread uprisings and riots, after which...

Jan Hus and Ulrich Zwingli: The Lives and Deaths of the Reformation’s Most Famous Martyrs

If Wycliffe was the “Morning Star of the Reformation,” Hus was the Guiding Star of the movement. Hus started as a Czech priest, but he quickly became notorious for debating...

Maimonides and St. Thomas Aquinas: The Lives and Works of the Middle Ages’ Most Influential Religious Philosophers

Moses Ben Maimon, frequently called Maimonides, was a medieval philosopher who revolutionized thinking about ethics, reason, and the Jewish Torah through his emphasis on reason...

Ancient Egypt’s Most Famous Royal Family: The Lives and Deaths of Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Tutankhamun

Africa may have given rise to the first human beings, and Egypt probably gave rise to the first great civilizations, which continue to fascinate modern societies across the globe...

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