The brilliance of the Renaissance laid the foundation of the modern world. Textbooks tell us that it came about as a result of a rediscovery of the ideas and ideals of classical Greece and Rome. But now bestselling historian Gavin Menzies makes the startling argument that in the year 1434, China—then the world's most technologically advanced civilization—provided the spark that set the European Renaissance ablaze. From that date onward, Europeans embraced Chinese ideas, discoveries, and inventions, all of which form the basis of Western civilization today.

The New York Times bestselling author of 1421 combines a long-overdue historical reexamination with the excitement of an investigative adventure, bringing the reader aboard the remarkable Chinese fleet as it sails from China to Cairo and Florence, and then back across the world. Erudite and brilliantly reasoned, 1434 will change the way we see ourselves, our history, and our world.

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  • Chapter 001
    Duration: 22min
  • Chapter 002
    Duration: 23min
  • Chapter 003
    Duration: 25min
  • Chapter 004
    Duration: 14min
  • Chapter 005
    Duration: 23min
  • Chapter 006
    Duration: 24min
  • Chapter 007
    Duration: 46min
  • Chapter 008
    Duration: 24min
  • Chapter 009
    Duration: 16min
  • Chapter 010
    Duration: 18min
  • Chapter 011
    Duration: 50min
  • Chapter 012
    Duration: 20min
  • Chapter 013
    Duration: 31min
  • Chapter 014
    Duration: 22min
  • Chapter 015
    Duration: 12min
  • Chapter 016
    Duration: 33min
  • Chapter 017
    Duration: 15min
  • Chapter 018
    Duration: 23min
  • Chapter 019
    Duration: 17min
  • Chapter 020
    Duration: 14min
  • Chapter 021
    Duration: 38min
  • Chapter 022
    Duration: 48min
  • Chapter 023
    Duration: 25min
  • sample
    Duration: 01min